- Meanwhile, nearly 40 per cent of Covid-19 recovery funds went to big corporations operating in developing countries during 2020-21
- Civil society organisations will launch an #EndAusterity campaign today demanding people-centered approaches to the Covid-19, climate and cost-of-living crises
- Leaders must avoid austerity by urgently implementing new financing options such as wealth and windfall profit taxes, cancellation/restructure debt, and tackling illicit financial flows
- The upcoming Annual Meetings of the World Bank and IMF is a crucial moment to stop and reverse austerity policies
Despite the millions of people being pushed into hunger and poverty, 143 countries – including 94 developing nations – are implementing policy measures that undermine the capacity of governments to provide education, healthcare, social protection and other public services.
A new report End Austerity: A global report on budget cuts and harmful social reforms shows that 85 per cent of the world’s population will live in the grip of austerity measures by 2023. This trend is likely to continue until at least 2025, when 75 per cent of the global population (129 countries) could still be living under these conditions.
Austerity measures include scaling down social protection programs for women, children, the elderly and other vulnerable people, leaving only a small safety net for a fraction of the poor; cutting or capping the wages and number of teachers, health and local civil servants and eliminating subsidies; privatising or commercialising public services such as energy, water and public transport; and reducing pensions and workers’ rights.
Civil society organisations from across the world are launching an #EndAusterity campaign today to fight back against the wave of austerity that is sweeping across the world, supercharging inequality and compounding the effects of the cost-of-living crisis and climate breakdown.
Isabel Ortiz, Director of the Global Social Justice Program at the Initiative for Policy Dialogue, and co-author of the report, said: “Decisions on budget cuts affect the lives of millions of people and should not be taken behind closed doors by a few technocrats at a Ministry of Finance, with the support of the IMF. Policies must instead be agreed transparently in a national social dialogue, negotiating with trade unions, employer federations and civil society organisations. Austerity cuts are not inevitable, in fact our report presents nine financing alternatives that are available, even to the poorest countries.”
Making matters worse, a second report also launched today at the #EndAusterity Festival found that, despite this austerity wave, one-third less Covid-19 recovery money was spent last year compared to 2020, falling from 3.9 per cent of GDP to 2.4 per cent of GDP, due to the worsening economic situation. The report by the Financial Transparency Coalition and partners entitled Recovery at a Crossroads: How Countries Spent Covid-19 Funds also found that only 37 per cent of Covid-19 recovery funds in 21 developing countries analyzed went to urgent social protection measures. Meanwhile, big corporations benefited from 39 percent of funds, which does not take into account tax waivers, corporate loans, and credit lines where they are not accounted for in the budgets. In the meantime smaller businesses only received 20 per cent and informal workers 4 percent of the total. Women have been particularly affected, since despite being hard hit by the pandemic, they only received half as much support as men.
Matti Kohonen, director of the Financial Transparency Coalition, said: “Despite the cost-of-living crisis, governments in developing countries, often with their hands tied by international financial institutions, are putting big corporations ahead of the people. Nearly 40% of Covid-19 recovery funds went to big companies, meaning that those most impacted by the pandemic have been left behind. We should promote a people-centered recovery with progressive tax policies instead of cutting social protection and support for the most vulnerable.”
Civil society organisations will kickoff the #EndAusterity campaign with a series of virtual events from Wednesday 28th September until Friday 30th September, bringing together high profile academics and civil society activists to outline the problems with, and people-centered alternatives to, austerity. They include taxing corporate excess profits, eliminating illicit financial flows, canceling and restructuring sovereign debt, and increasing coverage of social security and employer’s contributions, as well as issuing new IMF Special Drawing Rights targeted to developing countries.
A media launch event of the End Austerity Activism Festival with high level speakers, and a presentation of the reports’ findings, will take place on 28th September. All details for registration can be found at www.endausterityfestival.org.
NOTES TO EDITORS:
- Nearly 100 million people are expected to be pushed into extreme poverty this year due to the Covid-19 pandemic and the cost-of-living crisis, according to the UN, which will be made worse by the new austerity measures implemented around the world.
- Details of the #EndAusterity Campaign can be found here.
- The report End Austerity: A global report on budget cuts and harmful social reforms can be found here, along with three briefings which outline a) The key findings of the report, b) Alternatives to austerity, c) What citizens can do to help end austerity.
- The report Recovery at a Crossroads: How Countries Spent Covid-19 Funds can be found here.